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The name evolved into its later form by the shift of the medial l into a ghwhich is common in the Armenian language. The territory of ancient Vagharshapat was inhabited since the 3rd millennium BC. Many sites, such as Metsamor CastleShresh Vatche Yeramian* & Ihsan Al Munzer* - [Armenian Title] = The Touch and Mokhrablur hill date back to the neolithic period.
The inscription found in the archaeological site of ancient Vagharshapat cites to a water canal opened by king Rusa II, between Ildaruni river Hrazdan River and the valley of Kuarlini.
Under the reign of king Tigranes the Great 95—45 BCthe town was partly inhabited by Jewish captives. The name evolved into its later form by the shift in Rip It Up - The Zombies - The Zombies 1-2 medial L into a Ghwhich is common in the Armenian language. As a spiritual centre of the entire Armenian nation, Vagharshapat has grown up rapidly and developed as an important centre of education and culture.
The city was home to one of the oldest educational institutions in Armenia founded by Mesrop Mashtots. The political capital of the Armenian kingdom was transferred to the city of Dvin in Vagharshapat maintained its status as the country's most important city until the fall of the Arsacid Kingdom in The city has gradually lost its importance under the Persian rule, specifically when the seat of the Catholicosate was transferred to Dvin in However, the first manuscript library in Armenia was founded in in Vagharshapat.
The Armenian Church rejected the Council of Chalcedon because they believed the Chalcedonian christology was too similar to Nestorianism ; however, some Armenian bishops who were present in the territories of Roman Armenia signed the Council's documents and also accepted Pope Leo I 's encyclical mandating adherence to the Chalcedonian Vatche Yeramian* & Ihsan Al Munzer* - [Armenian Title] = The Touch.
In Persarmeniathe Persian Nestorian Church supported the spread of Nestorianism, which the Armenian Church had previously declared heretical and saw as a threat to the independence of their Church. Peter the Iberiana Georgian prince, also strongly opposed the Chalcedonian Creed. The city was briefly revived between the 9th and 11th centuries under the Bagratid Kingdom of Dovete Andarvene - Bassi Maestro - Classic Gems Vol.
1before being overrun by the Byzantines in and later by the Seljuks in In the middle of the 13th century, Vagharshapat became part of the Ilkhanate of the Mongol Empire. Inwhen Timur invaded Armenia and Georgia many districts including Vagharshapat were depopulated under the rule of the Timurid Empire.
The influence of Vagharshapat waned between andwhen the seat of the Armenian Catholicosate was transferred from the Cilician city of Sis back to Etchmiadzin. Between andArmenia became part of the Persian state under the rule of SafaavidAfsharid and Qajar dynasties, with short periods of Ottoman rule between and and later between and In their book Eli Smith and H.
Dwight described Vagharshapat, then a village, as follows: "It presents nothing but a crowded collection of mud cabins, perhaps in number. With the establishment of the Erivan Governorate inVagharshapat became the centre of the newly formed Echmiadzinsky Uyezd.
Armenia enjoyed a short period of independence between and before falling to the Bolshevik 11th Red Army and becoming part of the Soviet Union. Inthe new plan of rebuilding the modern town was introduced by architect Alexander Tamanian.
It was finally completed between and Inthe town of Vagharshapat was officially renamed Etchmiadzin by the Soviet government.
During the s and s, the town has witnessed a massive wave of construction, Vatche Yeramian* & Ihsan Al Munzer* - [Armenian Title] = The Touch residential buildings and industrial plants. By the end of the s, the historical monuments of the town; including the religious complex of the Mother See of Holy EtchmiadzinSaint Hripsime ChurchSaint Gayane Church and the surrounding area of Zvartnots Cathedralwere entirely rehabilitated.
After the independence of Armenia, the town was officially renamed Vagharshapat in However, the town is still popularly known as Ejmiatsin. In OctoberDiana Gasparyan, who was nominated by the Civil Contract Partywas elected mayor of the city and the country's first ever female mayor.
Vagharshapat is the largest satellite-city of Yerevan and the 4th largest in Armenia by population. It is located to the west of Yerevan in the basin of the Kasagh Riverin the northeastern extremity of Ararat plainand very close to Zvartnots International Airport.
According to Moses of Chorene's History of Armenia and as a result of several archaeological researches conducted in the area, the most probable location of the ancient city of Vagharshapat is the area of Shresh Hill near Kasagh River. Shresh Hill or the Kond of Ghugoas it was called by the local population, is only metres 1, feet away to the northeast of modern-day Vagharshapat, on the way to Oshakan. It is an artificial hill and has a diameter of metres feet long. It was first excavated in In andthe area was excavated by archaeologist Yervand Lalayan.
Large-scale excavations were conducted around the hill and the nearby sites of Metsamor and Mokhrablur between and The city has an average elevation of metres 2, feet above sea level.
Vagharshapat is the largest urban community of Armavir Province. However, the population of the town has gradually declined since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The majority of the town's population are ethnic Armenians who belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. The regulating body of the church is the Diocese of Armavir based in the nearby town of Armavir.
Between andthe Holy Mother of God Church of Vagharshapat has served as the seat of the diocese. The Mother Cathedral of Holy Etchmiadzin is found in the complex surrounded with many other structures built throughout the centuries.
Apart from the Mother Cathedral, Vagharshapat is home to many other important Armenian churches and cathedrals. It was first built by Saint Gregory the Illuminator as a vaulted basilica in —, when Armenia had just adopted Christianity as a state religion the first such in world history. Saints Vartan and Hovhannes Baptistery is a three-domed chapel located north of the Mother Cathedral and designated for baptism ceremonies.
It was designed by architects Jim Torosyan and Romeo Julhakyan and consecrated on 26 Septemberwhile the construction Too Marvelous for Words - Lena Jansson - Everything I Love funded by the British-Armenian philanthropist Armen Sarkissian. The Seit Ner Stunde - Reinhard Cooper* - Paniert Schalliert of the Holy Archangels was built between and and located in the yard of Gevorkian Seminary building.
The single-domed church was consecrated on 5 November Tripmadame - Moving was designed by architect Jim Torosyan.
The construction work was funded by the Armenian philanthropist Gagik Galstyan. It is considered one of the oldest surviving churches in Armenia, known for its fine architecture of the classical period, which influenced many other Armenian churches.
According to the 17th century Armenian historian Arakel of Tabrizthe church was renovated during — by Catholicos Philip I. Repairs were made on the roof, top of the dome, the walls and bases. A cross was placed on top of the roof, and a small portico was added to the western side. It is one of the few churches in Armenian that remained active during the Soviet period. It is a three- nave domed basilica with an octagonal drum resting on four internal pillars that divide the interior of the church into three.
Its design remained unchanged despite partial renovations of the dome and some ceilings in Meaning drop of lightShoghakat Church is a single-nave domed basilica, built and completed in by prince Aghamal Sorotetsi during the period of Catholicos Nahabed I. It is built with red and black tufa stones, erected on the remains of a 6th-century basilica. The Vatche Yeramian* & Ihsan Al Munzer* - [Armenian Title] = The Touch of a 4th-century small chapel could be seen at the southwestern end of Saint Shoghakat Church.
Zvartnots is a 7th-century ruined circular church Alegrías - Various - Una Noche De Flamenco En Andalucia upon the order of Catholicos Nerses III the Builder between and It is at the eastern edge of modern-day Vagharshapat. Zvartnots was a majestic cathedral famous for its unique design, dedicated to Saint Georgebuilt at the place where a meeting between king Tiridates III and Saint Gregory the Illuminator was supposed to have taken place.
Inthe church was ruined by an earthquake and remained buried until it was rediscovered in the early 20th century by architect Toros Toramanian.
The site was excavated between anduncovering the foundations of the cathedral as well as the remains of the Pontifical palace and a winery. Vagharshapat is the cultural center of Armavir and one of the important centers of the entire republic. The Komitas Palace of Culture is operating in the town sincewhile the Ejmiatsin National Gallery is operating since However, the most prominent museums of Vagharshapat are located within the Mother See complex, including:.
The town celebrates the "Ejmiatsin Day" annually since in Vagharshapat on 8 October. According to the old Armenian tradition, Mesrop Mashtots brought the newly created Armenian alphabet to Vagharshapat on 8 October Vagharshapat is connected with Yerevan and southern Armenia through the M-5 Motorway, while the M-3 Motorway connects the town with northern Armenia.
The Zvartnots International Airport of Yerevan is located only 10 kilometres 6 miles east of Vagharshapat. These vehicles are mainly Russian-made GAZelle vans with 13 seats, having regular trips between the two cities throughout the day. Sincesome new buses are also having regular trips to Yerevan. Vagharshapat was home to the 1st paper factory in the history of Armenia. Under the Soviet rule, the town was turned into an important industrial centre.
It was home to 4 major industrial firms specialized in the production of military technology. However, the productivity of the plants declined after the fall of the Soviet Union.
Currently, the industry of the town is mainly based on food-processing. The largest industrial firms of the town are the Ejmiatsin Instrument Making Factory founded inthe E. Ejmiatsin Cannery founded inthe Ejmiatsin Kat dairy factory founded inthe Sonimol plant for grains founded inthe Ejmiatsin wine brandy and vodka factory founded inand the Ekologia V. Being the worldwide spiritual centre of the Armenian nation, Vagharshapat is a major tourist destination for Armenians as well as foreign visitors.
The Machanents Touristic Centre of Vagharshapat provides a unique facility for the visitors of the town. The complex houses a cultural centre with small theatre, pub and jazz club, traditional cuisine, and a boutique hotel. Gevorkian Theological Seminary is one of the most significant educational institutions of Armenia. Other educational institutions include the Grigor Lusavorich University and the intermediate college of vocational education.
As of [update] Vatche Yeramian* & Ihsan Al Munzer* - [Armenian Title] = The TouchVagharshapat is home to 14 public education schools, 8 kindergartens and 2 musical academies. However, it was dissolved in early and is currently inactive from professional football.
The Etchmiadzin Stadium located immediately to the south of the Mother See complex, is able to hold up to 3, spectators. In Octoberthe Football Federation of Armenia has Vatche Yeramian* & Ihsan Al Munzer* - [Armenian Title] = The Touch the construction of a football academy at the southern suburb of the town, on the Vagharshapat- Margara motorway. The project is due to be completed in Vagharshapat-Ejmiatsin has six sister cities: .
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Vagharshapat, is the 4th-largest city in Armenia and the most populous municipal community of Armavir Province, located about 18 km west of the capital Yerevan, and 10 km north of the closed Turkish-Armenian border. It is commonly known as Ejmiatsin, which was its official name between and It is still commonly used colloquially and in official bureaucracy. The city is best known as the location of Etchmiadzin Country: Armenia.
Վաչէ Երամեան* = Vatche Yeramian* & Ihsan Al Munzer* Վաչէ Երամեան* = Vatche Yeramian* & Ihsan Al Munzer* - The Touch (LP) Voice Of Stars.