Label: WERGO - WER 60152/55 • Series: Edition John Cage • Format: 4x, Vinyl LP Box Set • Country: Germany • Genre: Classical • Style: Neo-Classical, Contemporary
Etudes Australes is a set of etudes for piano solo by John Cagecomposed in —75 for Grete Sultan. It comprises 32 indeterminate pieces written using star charts as source Etude # 20 - John Cage. The etudes, conceived as duets for two independent hands, are extremely difficult to play. They were followed by two more collections of similarly difficult works: Freeman Etudes for violin —90 and Etudes Boreales for cellopiano, or both together. Cage wrote Etudes Australes for pianist and friend Grete Sultanwhom he had known since Cage started working in January and finished the etudes in The pieces are built on two basic ideas.
The first is writing duets for independent hands, inspired by the way Sultan played. The second idea was to Etude # 20 - John Cage star charts as source material, as Cage had already done with the orchestral Atlas Eclipticalis in and with Song Books in The process of composition ran as follows.
First, Cage put a transparent strip of about three-quarter inch over the maps. The width of the strip limited the number of stars used. Τι έπαθα με σένανε - Έυη Σιαμαντά - Ηχώ this width Cage was able to discern the twelve tones of the octave.
Then through chance operations using the I Chinghe transferred these tones to the available octaves for the left and right hands. The resulting notes reflect only the horizontal positions of the stars, and not all stars are used, because the maps used a variety of Etude # 20 - John Cage, and Cage's chance operations limited the choices every time to specific colors.
In the end Cage would have a string of notes and ask the I Ching which of them are to remain single tones and which are to Grete Sultan - Etudes Australes For Piano parts of aggregates. In the first etude this question is answered by a single number, in the second by two numbers, etc. So as the etudes progress, there are more and more aggregates: in the first, most sounds are single tones, in the final, thirty-second etude, roughly half of the sounds are aggregates.
The aggregates themselves were selected from the list of available aggregates, described above. For Cage the resulting etudes represented certain political and social views. Collecting and using the aggregates for independent hands was particularly important, because according to Cage, it.
How could you express that in political terms? It would permit that attitude expressed socially. It would permit institutions or organizations, groups of people, to join together in a H.N.I.C. - Clifford Jordan - Soul Fountain which was not nationally divided. Furthermore, the immense complexity of the music also had a social function.
Grete Sultan was enthusiastic about the prospect of Etudes Australes  and after playing more and more of Cage's new etudes in public, she recorded the complete cycle in books 1 and 2 and books 3 and 4. European critic Heinz-Klaus Metzger was thrilled by the collection and told Cage that these etudes Grete Sultan - Etudes Australes For Piano composed not by Cage but by God, alluding to the stars from which the collection is derived.
A New York Times critic made a similar observation, suggesting that if Etudes Australes were to last Grete Sultan - Etudes Australes For Piano Cage's life, they would do so because of the stars themselves.
Reviewing the then recently published edition of Etudes Australes inBurge doubted the possibility of performance and wrote that "even if a performance were possible, [ Washington Post staff writer Tim Pagewriting 6 years after Cage's death, dismissed the work as "an interesting idea, but a lousy piece, as it would have had to be",  whereas a review of Steffen Schleiermacher 's recording of the cycle in The Guardian is more neutral  and Jed Distler's review of the same record at Classics Today is very well-disposed towards the piece.
Etudes Mizou - Rose-Claudelle Daniel - Rose Claudelle Daniel comprise 32 etudes grouped in 4 books of 8 etudes each. The pieces are arranged in order of complexity of the materials—single tones and aggregates—involved, from simple etude 1, single tones to complex etude 32, potentially half single tones, other half aggregates.
The music is written on four staves: the upper two for the right hand, the lower two for the left. The hands are forbidden to assist each other. There are no barlinesand no traditional note values. Just two types of notes are used, closed and open noteheads.
An open note is to be held as long as possible beyond the succeeding closed note if there are many closed notes, a pedal-like notation indicates where the open note may be released. Aggregates appear as notes written with a stem: while an ordinary closed Grete Sultan - Etudes Australes For Piano open note's position in time is indicated by the center of the note headthe position in time of an aggregate is indicated by the stem.
In later etudes certain passages are too dense to be included on the page; such passages are indicated by a beam with stems referring to the rhythm of the passage and a capital letter which refers to the Appendix. Each etude includes several keys that are to be depressed prior to playing, and held down using a rubber wedge.
The pieces are notoriously difficult to play. The performer has to learn a specific technique to play "duets for two independent hands" which even involves a particular sitting position  ; also, because both hands' ranges cover the entire keyboard, the hands are continually crossing. To facilitate matters somewhat, every etude occupies exactly two pages of the score, so there is Box - Hooton3Car* - Recordings: 1994-1998 need to turn the page.
Although individual etudes have appeared on compilations, the complete cycle has only been recorded four times. This section lists, in chronological order, only the complete recordings.
Years of recording are given, not years of release. Catalogue numbers are indicated for the latest available CD versions.
For the complete discography with reissues and partial recordings listed, see the link to the John Cage database below. From Кракавяк - Various - Легенды Вялікага Княства (Legends Of The Grand Duchy), the free encyclopedia.
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Etudes Australes is a set of etudes for piano solo by John Cage, composed in –75 for Grete Sultan. It comprises 32 indeterminate pieces written using star charts as source material. The etudes, conceived as duets for two independent hands, are extremely difficult to play. They were followed by two more collections of similarly difficult works: Freeman Etudes for violin and Etudes Boreales for cello, piano.
Nov 28, · Provided to YouTube by FINETUNES Etude #3 · Grete Sultan Cage: Etudes Australes ℗ wergo Released on: Composer: John Cage Auto-generated by YouTube.
Jan 27, · Mr. Cage estimates that it will take two evenings to perform all 32 etudes. Grete Sultan offered the premieres of only the first, second and eighth of them at her Alice Tully Hall recital Saturday.
View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Vinyl release of Etudes Australes For Piano on Discogs/5(6).
View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Vinyl release of Etudes Australes For Piano on Discogs.4/4(5).
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Nov 28, · Provided to YouTube by FINETUNES Etude #19 · Grete Sultan Cage: Etudes Australes ℗ wergo Released on: Composer: John Cage Auto-generated by YouTube.
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